Glossary N
National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability Database

The U.S. government repository of standards-based vulnerability management data represented using the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP). This data informs the automation of vulnerability management, security measurement, ...

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(NIST) Special Publication

(NIST) Special Publication

Special Publication – a designation for NIST documents, sometimes supporting FIPS.See  NIST SP 800-76-2 under SP for more information.

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Near Field Communication

Near Field Communication

A form of contactless, close proximity, radio communications based on radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology. See NIST SP 800-101 Rev. 1 for more information. 

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Network Address Translation

Network Address Translation

A mechanism for mapping addresses on one network to addresses on another network, typically private addresses to public addresses. See NIST SP 800-77 under Network Address Translation for ...

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Network Discovery

Network Discovery

The process of discovering active and responding hosts on a network, identifying weaknesses, and learning how the network operates. See NIST SP 800-115 for more information. 

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Network Intrusion Detection System

Network Intrusion Detection System

Software that performs packet sniffing and network traffic analysis to identify suspicious activity and record relevant information. See NIST SP 800-86 for detailed information. 

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Network Layer

Network Layer

Layer of the TCP/IP protocol stack that is responsible for routing packets across networks. See the following for detailed information: NIST SP 800-113. NIST SP 1800-21B from NIST SP 800-113. 

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